|Birth: Council Bluffs, IA, 21 Aug 1928|
Professional Career: various big bands: Horace Henderson, Floyd Ray, Benny Carter, Gerald
Wilson, and Lionel Hampton(1945-52), Johnny Otis's R & B Band(1953), New Directions (with
Teddy Charles, Charles Mingus, and Teo Macero 1953), Art Farmer w/ Gigi Grice(1954), Jazztet
(including Benny Golson 1959-62), Art Farmer w/ Jim Hall(1964), various Vienna big bands: Clark-Boland Big Band, Peter Herbolzheimer, and Osterreichischer Big Band(1968-77), re-formed Jazztet(1982), Art Farmer w/ Chico Freeman(1983)
Selected Recordings: As leader: Warm Valley, Moment to Moment, Modern Art, of Jazztet
w/ Benny Golson: Meet the Jazztet
He first studied piano and violin, then bass tuba although his primary instrument was trumpet during the early part of his career. After a visit to Los Angeles with his brother in 1945, he decided to stay and belonged to big bands led by Horace Henderson, Floyd Ray, Benny Carter, Gerald Wilson, and Lionel Hampton. He also worked with rhythm-and-blues drummer Johnny Otis before moving to New York in 1953. Once on the East Coast he worked in Teddy Charles's group New Directions which included Charles Mingus and Teo Macero. He also played in small groups led by Horace Silver and Gerry Mulligan In 1954 he co-led a band with Gigi Gryce and within the same period, performed and recorded with George Russell and Tony Ortega. In 1959 he gradually shifted to playing the flugelhorn in a sextet with Benny Golson called the Jazztet. After this group disbanded in 1962, he led a group with Jim Hall (1964) before moving to Vienna in 1968. He then performed and recorded with the Clarke-Boland Big Band, Peter Herbolzheimer, and the Osterreichischer Rudfunk Big Band to 1977. From there, he led a quartet which toured the USA, Europe, and Japan and a quintet which toured Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. He then re-formed the Jazztet in 1982, from which he toured and recorded, and performed with Chico Freeman (1983).